Shani D. Carter, a Professor of Management at Rhode Island College, is one of 13 scholars across Rhode Island who have received funding from the Collaborative in 2013. Carter possesses an extensive research background and has completed projects in a variety of areas, from the effect of diversity laws on the workforce to her more recent work in outcomes assessment for students at RIC.

Carter published her first paper while earning her master’s degree in Human Resources, and since then, her body of work has grown, and her topics of interest have expanded. “If you look at my [curriculum] vitae, you will see that over time, there are completely different areas of research,” says Carter. Carter has authored and published several papers concerning diversity in the workforce, where she examined past diversity and equal opportunity laws, and has also published a journal article presenting her studies of the outcomes for female faculty who are on the track to tenure. She co-authored a book chapter on the same topic. Currently, Carter is working on a paper concerning PhD outcomes assessment and the methods in which to determine if those who hold doctoral degrees have met the required educational outcomes for their chosen PhD programs.

Although Carter’s research does not typically focus on policy making, Carter earned her B.A. in Government and spent her last semester in Washington where she studied the Job Training Partnership Act. Her experience and interest using Current Population Study (CPS) data from the Census Bureau “goes back over twenty years” when she was working on her thesis for her master’s degree. At that time, Carter was interested in various types of occupational employment and variables which caused major shifts in the economy. Two decades later, Carter continues to use CPS data in her courses at Rhode Island College and gives her students the opportunity to utilize occupational data from the Department of Labor in their work. Carter finds that having her students access and analyze this data in her courses “really brings human resources theory to life.”

In addition to her research and teaching in the School of Management at Rhode Island College, Carter is also very involved with student success across the RIC campus. In her role as the Special Assistant to the Vice President of Academic Affairs for Outcomes Assessment, Carter reviews and provides feedback on the annual reports measuring student learning outcomes submitted by the different academic departments at RIC. In this position, Carter also organizes semi-annual colloquiums where faculty present how they are conducting academic assessment in their departments in order to help create a “culture of assessment” and to help faculty think how those assessments could shape student learning, teaching, pedagogy, and the content of their courses.

With a rich research background and plenty of published works, Carter states that she enjoys both the research and writing process, and views writing “as a creative process that can’t be forced.” “I want to do research and I want to write,” says Carter, “and I want to be able to inspire my students through doing that.”

Following the Collaborative’s first Regional Competitiveness working group in 2013, Carter formed a research team with Bryant University Professor of Economics Jongsung Kim, who specializes in Labor Economics. Together, they will use their experience in working with detailed occupations (Kim also has an extensive background in working with CPS Data) to examine labor data, as well as local and regional income tax records, for their research project “Competitiveness in Occupations and the Optimal Tax in Rhode Island.” The results of their study will be published in May 2014.


Bishop, J.H. and Carter, S.D. (1991). How accurate are recent BLS occupational projections? Monthly Labor Review. October, pp. 37-43.

Carter, S.D. (2012). Demographic Changes and Equal Employment Opportunity Legislation: Implications for Leveraging Workforce Diversity in the Field of Human Resource Development. In: Scott, C.L. & Byrd, M.Y. (eds). Handbook of Research on Workforce Diversity in a Global Society: Technologies and Concepts. Hershey, Pennsylvania, New York: IGI Global.

Carter, S.D. (2010, February/March).  Differences in Career Paths of Female and Male Faculty in the United States. eNewsline. AACSB (Associate to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business).

Bilimoria, D., Liang X., Carter, S.D., & Turell, J.M. (October 31, 2013). Gender differences in the academic work experiences of faculty at early, middle and late career stages. Handbook of Research on Promoting Women's Careers. Susan Vinnicombe (Editor), Ronald J. Burke (Editor) , Stacy Blake-Beard (Editor). London: Southgate Publishers.

Carter, S.D. (2009). A Ten Step Process for Creating Outcomes Assessment Measures for an Undergraduate Management Program: A Faculty Driven Process. Professional File, 113, pp. 1-15. Association for Institutional Research.